Don Glen Vliet (born January 15, 1941 in Glendale, California), is a musician and painter, best known under the pseudonym Captain Beefheart. He extended his name to Don Van Vliet during the early 1960s.
Vliet's output is rooted in blues music and rock music, but his idiosyncratic, diverse approach largely defies classification. Much of his work was conducted with a rotating assembly of musicians called the Magic Band. He was mainly a singer, but Vliet was a capable harmonica player, and occasionally played noisy, untrained, free jazz influenced saxophone. Among the most important of "underground rock" musicians, Captain Beefheart's legacy is one of poor record sales, critical acclaim, and a devoted following.
He was name-checked on the cover of "Freak Out!" (1966) under the heading "These People Have Contributed Materially In Many Ways To Make Our Music What It Is. Please Do Not Hold It Against Them". He is also pictured in the collage on the "We're Only In It For The Money" (1968) cover and on the cover of "Bongo Fury". And he is mentioned in "The Real Frank Zappa Book" (1989), of course. In 1980, FZ featured as guest DJ on BBC Radio 1; one of the tracks he played was "Golden Birdies", by Captain Beefheart ("Star Special").
Beefheart on Zappa Albums
From the time Don & Frank hung out together as teenagers, absorbing the burgeoning blues scene, to the subsequent years where their musical working relationship sparked like a Van de Graaff generator, the importance of Don's work and offbeat influence within Zappa's earlier productions is profound.
Don van Vliet appears as a member/musician/songwriter in FZ's bands and albums/CDs & compilation albums/CDs, sometimes oddly credited or under an alias, as follows:
1966 Freak Out!
In the sleeve notes of Freak Out! it says: These People Have Contributed Materially in Many Ways to Make Our Music What it is. Please Do Not Hold it Against them.... followed by a long list (See Freak List) of people, among which can be found Don Vliet (His birth name).
1969 Hot Rats
Possibly providing the first association of Don's renowned alias Captain Beefheart with Frank Zappa on a recorded work?
Don appears as Captain Beefheart - vocals on Willie The Pimp (Courtesy Straight Records).
1975 Bongo Fury
Don appears under the alias Captain Beefheart- harp, vocals, shopping bags.
The tracks Sam With The Showing Scalp Flat Top and Man With The Woman Head were written by Don van Vliet ©1973 Beefheart Music, BMI.
1985/1986/1988 Mystery Disc & Mystery Disc 2
(Within box sets & solo variants- check link)
Don appears as Captain Beefheart on
I Was A Teenage Malt Shop, The Birth Of Captain Beefheart, Metal Man Has Won His Wings.
1991 You Can't Do That On Stage Anymore Vol 4?
1998 Cheep Thrills
1999 The Lost Episodes?
Elsewhere on this site references have been made to Don's presence on FZ albums, which are entered above & followed by a question mark. This is because my research is incomplete/unsourced to date.
For further data on Don's recorded work involving FZ see Zappa on Beefheart Albums
Involvements on FZ albums (harmonica, tenor sax, and/or vocal): Hot Rats, One Size Fits All, Bongo Fury, Zoot Allures, Thing-Fish, You Can't Do That On Stage Anymore Vol. 4, The Lost Episodes, and Mystery Disc. In 1975, he "contributed" to the second incarnation of the "Abnuceals Emuukha Electric Symphony Orchestra", at the Royce Hall (University of California, Los Angeles), September 17, by showing up "at the end of the concert, after all the musicians had left...sax in hand. He played freely for a few minutes", according to attendee Matt Groening.
Zappa on Beefheart Albums
Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band - Grow Fins: Rarities 1965-1982
(5CD, Revenant 210, June 22, 1999)
This set contains Zappa performances unavailable on an FZ release.
Captain Beefheart & The Magic Band - The Dust Blows Forward. An Anthology
(2xCD, Warner Reprise/Rhino, 1999)
Magazine Articles on Beefheart
"The Odyssey of Captain Beefheart" (Langdon Winner, May 14, 1970, Rolling Stone): Beefheart's life as a musician began in the town of Lancaster nestled in the desert of Southern California. He had gone to high school there and become the friend of another notorious Lancasterian, Frank Zappa. In his late teens Don Van Vliet listened intensively to two kinds of music - Mississippi Delta blues and the avant-garde jazz of John Coltrane, Ornette Coleman and Cecil Taylor. Although he was attracted to music and played briefly with a rhythm and blues group called The Omens, he did not yet consider music his vocation. He enrolled at Antelope Valley Junior College in 1959 as an art major, and soon grew suspicious of books and dropped out. For a brief while he was employed as a commercial artist and as a manager of a chain of shoe stores. "I built that chain into a thriving, growing concern," he recalls, "Then as a kind of art statement I quit right in the middle of Christmas rush leaving the whole thing in chaos." In the early Sixties Don Van Vliet moved to Cucamonga to be with Frank Zappa who was composing music and producing motion pictures. It was at about this time that Van Vliet and Zappa hatched up the name Captain Beefheart, "But don't ask me why or how," Beefheart comments today. The two made plans to form a rock and roll band called The Soots and to make a movie to be named "Captain Beefheart Meets The Grunt People", but nothing ever came of either project. In time Zappa left for Los Angeles and formed The Mothers. Beefheart returned to Lancaster and gathered together a group of "desert musicians." In 1964 the Magic Band was ready to begin playing teenage dances in its home town. The one stage appearance of the first Beefheart ensemble was bizarre to the point of frightening. All members of the Magic Band were dressed in black leather coats and pants with black high heel boots. The lead guitar player had a patch over one eye and long dangling arms that reached from his shoulders to half way below his knees. At a time that long hair was still a rarity, the Captain sported long dark locks down to his waist. It was simply outrageous. The band was an immediate sensation in Lancaster and very soon its fame began to spread throught southern California. Beefheart's brand of abrasive blues-rock was truly a novelty to young listeners in 1964. Record companies interested in the new sound began to take notice. In mid 1964 Beefheart entered into the first of a long series of disastrous agreements with record producers.
"Conversation with Captain Beefheart" (Eliot Wald, July 1973, Oui magazine): A Southern Californian whose real name is Don Van Vliet, Beefheart dropped out of Antelope Valley Junior College shortly after enrolling in 1959. He hung out with Frank Zappa before the Mothers of Invention were formed. Then, in 1964, Don Van Vliet rode into Los Angeles from the California desert, equipped with a collection of strange-looking musicians known as The Magic Band. He promptly recorded a single (his version of Diddy Wah Diddy, popularised by Bo Diddley) that became something of a local hit, but he was turned down by the same record company when he tried to convince them to release an entire album of his songs. They called the songs "too negative." The album, titled Safe as Milk, was released later by another company. It joined that limbo of low-selling platters, becoming what Rolling Stone refers to as "one of the forgotten classics of rock and roll." Strictly Personal was the name of his second album, but Don is reluctant to claim credit for it. He believes that it was ruined by an unapproved last minute re-engineering job that buried the music in layers of extraneous electronics. Next he was offered "artistic sanctuary" by Frank Zappa's Straight label (Warner Bros.). Beefheart spent only eight and a half hours writing an album called Trout Mask Replica. It then took him six months to teach his band how to play it. Rolling Stone described this one as "the most astounding and most important work of art ever to appear on a phonograph record." However, it was not to everyone's taste. The tunes are a weird mixture of free-form jazz, Mississippi Delta blues, and rock - often all three simultaneously. Rhythms are totally unpredictable; what starts out as a blues boogie may end up sounding like a surrealist waltz. Everybody seems to be playing whatever comes to mind, including Beefheart, whose sax, musette, and simran-horn solos (played through tubes that allow him to play two instruments at the same time) swoop and dive, mirroring his incredible four-octave voice. Lyrically, it's absurdist poetry, with Beefheart adlibbing such lines as "A squid-eating doe [sic] in a polyethylene bag is fast and bulbous. Got me?" Trout Mask Replica was not an overnight sensation. After splitting with Zappa over alleged double-dealing (the company countercharged that any man who'd hire eight tree surgeons at its expense was too much to handle), Beefheart settled down to make a series of albums with titles like Lick My Decals Off, Baby and The Spotlight Kid. His newest, Clear Spot (packaged in a clear-plastic envelope, a tactic adopted when Warner Bros. refused his request that the album be pressed on transparent vinyl) was written in its entirety during a two-hour auto ride to a gig. He hummed the tunes into a cassette recorder while dictating the lyrics to his guitarist.
FZ in "The Real Frank Zappa Book" (1989): Life on the road with Captain Beefheart was definitely not easy. He carried the bulk of his worldly possesions around in a shopping bag. It held his art and poetry books and a soprano sax. He used to forget it in different places - just walk away and leave it, driving the road manager crazy. Onstage, no matter how loud the monitor system was, he complained that he couldn't hear his voice. The high point of our relationship (according to Rolling Stone - aren't they some kind of authority on these matters?) was making the Trout Mask Replica album together in 1969. Don (Captain Beefheart) is not technically oriented, so, first I had to help him figure out what he wanted to do, and then, from a practical standpoint, how to execute his demands. ... We taped a few selections... and I thought they sounded terrific, but Don got paranoid, accused me of trying to do the album on the cheap, and demanded to go into a real recording studio.